Four training topics are covered in this section; farm management, marketing of agriculture produce, enterprise selection and financial education. Farm management covers the farmer as a manager, the factors of production and how these interact. Marketing of agricultural produce covers market analysis, product pricing and collective marketing. Enterprise selection covers resource allocation decision for enterprise selection. Green pepper, kales and cilantro have proven to be lucrative crop enterprises. Additionally the topic covers basic farm record keeping concepts for enterprise profitability analysis.
Financial education takes farmers through the leaky pot theory which identifies the ways in which households generate income, ways in which the income is utilized and ways to minimize expenditures. Sources of income mentioned during the training included: sale of their maize and beans harvest, tailoring, casual work, garden labor & sale of charcoal. Household expenditures included; medication, school fees, buying of vegetables, other food items and buying of paraffin for lighting the house.
At the end of the exercise the various ways of minimizing expenditures included, purchase of a solar lamp which would last long but cost the same as buying paraffin for 4 months, a garden that produces vegetables for use at home and sale. The training also encourages DIG trained farmers to be in savings and lending groups.
Key Benefits of the Project
The program enables communities to practice sustainable agriculture for improved nutrition, food security, climate resilience and household income.